The machine tool industry needs to find new development breakthroughs

The machine tool industry needs to find new development breakthroughs

Recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology quoted the consulting firm Gardner as the statistics. In the world's machine tool consumer market, China’s machine tool exports reached US$3.3 billion in 2014, accounting for less than 5% of the world’s machine tool consumption while Japan and Germany accounted for more than 10%. At the same time, a considerable number of high- and mid-range CNC machine tools that are urgently needed in China are dependent on imports. For example, imported vehicles account for more than 40% of imported equipment. China's high-end machine tool industry has a long way to go.

Recently, “Made in China 2025” listed CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment as “strategic and strategic areas for accelerating breakthroughs.” It proposed to strengthen forward-looking deployment and breakthroughs in key technologies, actively plan to seize the commanding heights of future technology and industrial competition, and improve the international division of labor. Levels and discourse.

CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment are the “working machines” of the equipment manufacturing industry. The technical level and product quality of a country’s machine tool industry are an important indicator of the development level of its equipment manufacturing industry. “Made in China 2025” will use CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing. The equipment industry is listed as one of the strategically contestable areas of China's manufacturing industry. The main reason is that it has an "anchorage" effect on the position of a country's manufacturing, especially equipment manufacturing, in the international division of labor: CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment are manufacturing. The foundation of industry value generation and the fulcrum of the industry's leap are the core of the basic manufacturing capabilities. Only with a solid basic manufacturing capability can it be possible to produce advanced equipment products, thereby realizing the production of high-value products.

However, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said that although China's machine tool industry occupies an important position in the world's machine tool industry system and the global machine tool market, it still cannot be counted as a machine tool powerhouse. Compared with the powerful machine tools in the world, China's machine tool industry still has a certain gap, especially in the competitiveness of medium and high-grade machine tools is not strong.

In addition to the lack of international competitiveness, the development of core components for domestic machine tools needs to be strengthened. At present, the functional components of domestic machine tools cannot satisfy the matching requirements of the main engine in terms of variety, quantity, and grade. The market share of domestically-made mid-range supporting functional components still needs to be improved.

In addition, the development pressure of China's machine tool industry remains high. According to the data released by Gardner Company in the United States, the global machine tool consumption in 2014 was USD 75.3 billion, which was only 0.3% higher than that in 2013. The global machine tool production declined for three consecutive years. In 2014, the global machine tool output value was USD 81.2 billion, which was 3.1% lower than 2013. %, China's CNC machine tool industry continues to operate under pressure, the overall decline. In 2014, the output of domestic metalworking machine tools fell by 2% year-on-year. At the same time, the demand for imported machine tools in the domestic market has risen. In 2014, the total import value of machine tools was US$17.78 billion, an increase of 10.8% year-on-year.

"This shows that the domestic machine tool industry is difficult to meet the high-end needs of enterprises, the domestic machine tool industry is subject to a cyclical pressure and structural pressure of the double stack, an urgent need to find new development breakthroughs." Ministry of Industry and relevant responsible person.

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